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DUBAI: Climate TRACE, the satellite-based consortium tracking greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions worldwide, is now able to detect levels of emissions in every country from 352 million pieces of information.

Co-founded by former U.S. vice president Al Gore, the organisation’s inventory can produce emissions’ estimates from power plants, steel mills, marine shipping and oil refineries as well fertilizer applications, deforestation and wildfires.

The consortium continues to track emissions even if the information never appears in corporate ESG reporting.

“Leaders from the public and private sectors can now do what’s never been possible before. They can look clearly at the causes of the climate crisis all the way down to the individual source,” explained Gore. “With this inventory at our fingertips, there’s no longer a valid excuse for anyone — businesses, governments, or otherwise — to turn a blind eye to the work that must be done to slash emissions significantly and quickly.”

Speaking to the Associated Press at COP 28, Gore declared his mistrust of oil companies saying, “they’re much better at capturing politicians than they are at capturing emissions” and added: [the] Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) is “one of the largest and one of the dirtiest, by many measures, oil companies in the world.”

Working in support of the UN’s Global Stocktake - an inventory of progress (or not) since the Paris Agreement - Gore said Climate TRACE has revealed an added level of clarity to the process:

Global emissions increased 1.5 percent from 2021 to 2022 and rose 8.6 percent between 2015 and 2022.

Since the Paris Agreement, the largest increases in global emissions have come from electricity production and other energy use in China, electricity production in India, and oil and gas production in the U.S.

Worldwide, flares are responsible for an average 15 percent of CO2 from oil and gas production. Curtailing flaring offers an immediate opportunity to cut CO2 along with the methane that slips unburned during flaring. The Netherlands, Norway, Israel and Colombia vary between one and two percent while Algeria, Iraq, Mexico and Russia contribute between 20 and 40 percent.

In 2022 global emissions from deforestation increased 4.5 percent overall in 2022 to 4.5 billion tonnes CO2e although there were some significant regional reductions. In Indonesia emissions from deforestation and degradation fell 56 percent and 87 percent respectively while in the Congo Basin the improvement was 7.0 percent and 19.0 percent compared to the previous year.

Road transportation emissions increased 3.5 percent despite the increasing availability of electric vehicles. High- and upper-middle income countries were responsible for 68 percent of the total.

The post-COVID travel rebound caused aviation emissions to surge with international flights increasing 74 percent between 2021 and 2022 and domestic flights 18 percent.

Shipping through the Artic has increased as the sea ice has declined with a

With the melting of Arctic sea ice weekly emissions from ships above 30,000 tonnes has doubled. Major European container shipping companies have agreed not to use the Arctic as a route to Asia.

The Climate TRACE website www.climatetrace.org. provides peer-reviewed methodology papers covering the models used by each sector, supported by more than 30 peer-reviewed papers further detailing those methods.

The coalition includes Carbon Yield, CTrees, Duke University’s Nicholas Institute for Energy, Environment & Sustainability, Earth Genome, Former Vice President Al Gore, Global Energy Monitor, Hypervine.io, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Lab, OceanMind, RMI, TransitionZero, and WattTime.

Supported is also provided by more than 100 other organizations and researchers including: Descartes Labs, Google.org, Michigan State University, Minderoo Foundation/Global Plastic Watch, Planet Labs PBC, Synthetaic, and Universiti Malaysia Terengganu.

FRANKFURT: Lufthansa Cargo, the Lufthansa Group’s logistics division, has added ‘AeroSHARK’ CO2 reduction technology developed by BSAF and Lufthansa Technik to another Boeing 777 freighter.

AeroSHARK is a surface film that imitates the microscopic structure of shark skin to reduce the aerodynamic drag on the fuselage and engine nacelles of a Boeing 777F.

Calculated over its fleet of 16 777 aircraft, the new skin will reduce CO2 emissions by 13,000 tonnes a year - the equivalent of 53 cargo flights from Frankfurt to Shanghai.

“The special coating significantly reduces the frictional resistance of the aircraft. Together with the lightweight cargo equipment we already use today, this technology will enable us to save 5,493 tons of kerosene per year,” said CEO Ashwin Bhat.
 

AMSTERDAM: KLM has partnered with Dutch trade association Electric Flying Connection (EFC) and E-Flight Academy in a two-day trial of electric flight to gain a better understanding what impact this technology will have on KLM’s logistics and infrastructure needs.

A series of 18 flights using a Pipistrel Velis Electro, the world’s first and only certified electric aircraft with a range of 50 minutes, operated between Lelystad and Schiphol-Oost – a distance of 65 kilometres.

“To make air transport more sustainable, we have to test new technologies and innovations in practice,” said Jolanda Stevens, programme manager for Zero Emission Aviation at KLM. “The things we do today on a small scale with the resources we have now, may prove to be important drivers of scalability in these applications in the future,”

The airline says a great deal of work still needs to be done to ensure the success of new technologies, with every piece of the puzzle falling into place. This includes new aircraft, different infrastructure, changes to the way airspace is used, adjustments to airline operations, and, at the heart of it all, the availability of green energy.

“Electric flight will also affect flight handling. Electric aircraft have to be recharged, which takes time, and we will need to cooperate with Amsterdam Airport Schiphol and Air Traffic Control the Netherlands to ensure that this mode of flying is not only safe, but also provided with the correct power supply. This two-day event has helped us gain more insight into such matters," adds Stevens.

KLM says it is reducing CO2 emissions by upscaling the production and use of sustainable aviation fuel, reducing fuel consumption through fleet renewal, increased operational efficiency, and improving the integration of air and rail transport.

EFC has over 50 members including airlines, electric aircraft and aircraft component manufacturers, flight academies, airports and companies developing recharging infrastructure.

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