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DUBAI: Climate TRACE, the satellite-based consortium tracking greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions worldwide, is now able to detect levels of emissions in every country from 352 million pieces of information.

Co-founded by former U.S. vice president Al Gore, the organisation’s inventory can produce emissions’ estimates from power plants, steel mills, marine shipping and oil refineries as well fertilizer applications, deforestation and wildfires.

The consortium continues to track emissions even if the information never appears in corporate ESG reporting.

“Leaders from the public and private sectors can now do what’s never been possible before. They can look clearly at the causes of the climate crisis all the way down to the individual source,” explained Gore. “With this inventory at our fingertips, there’s no longer a valid excuse for anyone — businesses, governments, or otherwise — to turn a blind eye to the work that must be done to slash emissions significantly and quickly.”

Speaking to the Associated Press at COP 28, Gore declared his mistrust of oil companies saying, “they’re much better at capturing politicians than they are at capturing emissions” and added: [the] Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) is “one of the largest and one of the dirtiest, by many measures, oil companies in the world.”

Working in support of the UN’s Global Stocktake - an inventory of progress (or not) since the Paris Agreement - Gore said Climate TRACE has revealed an added level of clarity to the process:

Global emissions increased 1.5 percent from 2021 to 2022 and rose 8.6 percent between 2015 and 2022.

Since the Paris Agreement, the largest increases in global emissions have come from electricity production and other energy use in China, electricity production in India, and oil and gas production in the U.S.

Worldwide, flares are responsible for an average 15 percent of CO2 from oil and gas production. Curtailing flaring offers an immediate opportunity to cut CO2 along with the methane that slips unburned during flaring. The Netherlands, Norway, Israel and Colombia vary between one and two percent while Algeria, Iraq, Mexico and Russia contribute between 20 and 40 percent.

In 2022 global emissions from deforestation increased 4.5 percent overall in 2022 to 4.5 billion tonnes CO2e although there were some significant regional reductions. In Indonesia emissions from deforestation and degradation fell 56 percent and 87 percent respectively while in the Congo Basin the improvement was 7.0 percent and 19.0 percent compared to the previous year.

Road transportation emissions increased 3.5 percent despite the increasing availability of electric vehicles. High- and upper-middle income countries were responsible for 68 percent of the total.

The post-COVID travel rebound caused aviation emissions to surge with international flights increasing 74 percent between 2021 and 2022 and domestic flights 18 percent.

Shipping through the Artic has increased as the sea ice has declined with a

With the melting of Arctic sea ice weekly emissions from ships above 30,000 tonnes has doubled. Major European container shipping companies have agreed not to use the Arctic as a route to Asia.

The Climate TRACE website www.climatetrace.org. provides peer-reviewed methodology papers covering the models used by each sector, supported by more than 30 peer-reviewed papers further detailing those methods.

The coalition includes Carbon Yield, CTrees, Duke University’s Nicholas Institute for Energy, Environment & Sustainability, Earth Genome, Former Vice President Al Gore, Global Energy Monitor, Hypervine.io, Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Lab, OceanMind, RMI, TransitionZero, and WattTime.

Supported is also provided by more than 100 other organizations and researchers including: Descartes Labs, Google.org, Michigan State University, Minderoo Foundation/Global Plastic Watch, Planet Labs PBC, Synthetaic, and Universiti Malaysia Terengganu.
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